World population is expected to reach 9 billion in 2050 and food requirement will be increased proportionally. Wheat production must be increased by 60-100% to meet the demand in 2050.
However, in the Mediterranean (MED) region arable lands decreased from 0.38 ha person to 0.23 between 1970 and 2000 with a projected decline to 0.15 ha per person by 2050.
At the same time, agriculture is a major economic sector in terms of its capacity to generate employment and income for a large fraction of the MED population. In most southern MED countries (Morocco, Egypt, Turkey, and Tunisia), it is already providing employment for 20 to 30% of the population.